What is STF Team? How do they work on special cases?

The best minds and task force come from India, may it be Marcos or Local Police; Indian Forces stand out in the world, and one among them is STF: Special Task Force. Here you have some interesting facts here you can read in 2 mins.

Some Interesting cases solved by STF

  1. STF neutralized the notorious ivory poacher Veerappan in Operation Cocoon in 2004.
  2. In 2018, STF busted an international drug racket, which involved the supply of drugs from foreign countries to Punjab and other states.
  3. In 2017, STF arrested a gang of contract killers who were involved in several murders across India.
  4. In 2016, STF solved the murder case of RTI activist Satish Shetty, who was killed in 2010. The case had gone unsolved for six years.
  5. In 2015, STF arrested a gang of robbers who were involved in several bank robberies across India.

What is the Special Task Force?

Special Task Force (STF) is a special police force unit in India created to deal with specific tasks which involve heinous crime, narcotics, deadly weapon usage or anything to deal with out of thebox situations in society. STFs deal with particular tasks with which regular police forces may not be able to deal adequately.


Special operations they act upon include neutralizing a high-profile criminal, taking down the criminal network, and counter-insurgency or anti-terrorism measures. Every state has the power to constitute a Special Task force unit.

In the 1980s, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka were the first states to introduce a special task force to neutralize Veerappan, an Ivory poacher. The Special Task Force was successful as they eventually killed him in Operation Cocoon in 2004.

In Punjab, a Special task force was formed to counter insurgency in the late 1980s. And when criminality was at its height in Uttar Pradesh in the 1990s.

Shri Prakash Shukla, the biggest criminal in the state, had terrorized the whole state and was very dangerous. Even the state police wouldn’t come his way. They formed STF to neutralize him in 1998. And since then, it has evolved as an integral part of UP police.

Why was the STF created?

The Special Task Force was created to execute the following objectives:

  • For intelligence collection about the Mafia gangs and intelligence-based action against such gangs.
  • To take effective action against inter-district gangs of organized criminals.
    For preparing the action strategy and its implementation against disruptive elements, especially ISI agents.
  • To take persuasive action against a gang of dacits, particularly inter-district gangs.
    To take action against listed gangs in coordination with the community police.

What is the formation of the STF?

The Special Taskforce is headed by the Add. Director General Rank Officer, who is assisted by the Inspector General of Police (IGP).


The Special Task Force (STF) works as a team; each team is headed by either the Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) or the Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP). However, the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) is in charge of all the operations performed by the Special Task Forces. The units can operate outside their states also to oblige the respective state police.


How does the STF select people for the squad?

If a person wants to join the Special Task Force unit, the first requirement is to join the regular police department in any state in India.

After that, they will have to undergo physical tests for the Special Task Forces. In the case of failure of the test, they are not eligible to join the  Special Task Force . But if the test is passed successfully, they undergo STF training. After completing the test, they will become the full-fledged crew of the Special Task Force.

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