Life of Subash Chandra Bose: The Pioneer Leader

 

Subash Chandra Bose
Subash Chandra Bose

Introduction:

Subhash Chandra Bose, famously known as Netaji, is one of the most celebrated political thinkers and intellectuals of the twentieth century. His achievements have helped India take a step further into becoming a nation. Bose was one of a kind and known for his negotiations and Universalist ideologies. “You Give Me Blood, I Will Give You Freedom” is still amongst the heart of every patriots in India.

Early life of Subhash Chandra Bose

Subash was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Bengal province. Born in a privileged family, He was the son of an advocate, Janakinath Bose. Earlier in life, Bose studied at Ravenshaw collegiate school, Calcutta.

Young Bose
Young Bose: Source

He completed a bachelor’s in Philosophy through Presidency College, Calcutta, for his higher studies. Later Subash Chandra Bose went to the esteemed University of Cambridge, England, to take the Indian Civil Service exam, which he passed with a distinction. But his urge to participate in the freedom movement was at its final. So he finally resigned from ICS and came back to his motherland.

Journey of Bose in India

In 1921, Bose joined the nationalist movement led by Gandhi and the Indian National Congress. In 1938 he was elected as president of INC. However, differences arose between him and the party after some time due to their different ideologies. Bose wanted India to follow a socialist approach and did not care much about framing the Constitution. This ideological indifference made many members protest against him, leading to his resignation in 1939.

Subash Chandra Bose with Gandhi
Subash Chandra Bose with Gandhi

Moreover, Bose vehemently opposed the Congress alliance with the British. Bose was distinguished amongst the people of India, aimed to initiate a mass movement, and called out Indians for participation. The British promptly imprisoned him but, due to health deterioration, released him In 1941.

International Support to Subash Chandra Bose for Indian Independence

In April 1941, Bose made a planned escape and reached Berlin, Germany, through Peshawar. Unfortunately, Bose did not receive much support from the Nazis in Germany, as they considered him not as famous as Mahatma Gandhi. Through a submarine provided by Hitler, Bose reached East Asia for support.

Revamp of the Indian National Army (INA)

After reaching East Asia, Bose gained support from Japan. He revamped his army and named it the Indian National Army. The army consisted of Indian prisoners of war captured in the Singapore Battle.

Unfortunately, his effort did not last long. In 1944, the Indian Army turned the war around on the Japanese, as the Bose army was not skilled enough. Eventually, after losing half the lives in the INA army, Japanese forces had to surrender.

Death of Subash Chandra Bose

On 18 August 1945, Bose died in a plane crash in Formosa on 18 August 1945. He suffered from major third-degree burns as his overloaded plane crashed to the ground in Japanese Taiwan.

Legacy of Subash Chandra Bose

Bose has a mixed legacy, he was a renowned leader among the people. His enthusiasm and patriotism were appreciated by Congress as well. However, they maintained their distance from it as they focused more on building a constitution.

  • Bose was also featured on stamps in India for many years. An international airport is also named after him in Kolkata.
  • Ross Island was now renamed after Subash Chandra Bose, known as Netaji Subash Chandra Bose.
  • A  granite statue of Bose was installed at India Gate on his 125th birth anniversary.
  • Since 2021, 23 January has been celebrated as Parakram Divas to recall the birth anniversary of Subhas Chandra Bose.

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Paras
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