Forget the tension of losing your job during lockdown! Start milk business at home, know everything about it

New Delhi. What work will people who are returning from cities to villages after facing the Corona tragedy do to run their lives? What is it that they can earn respectable money while staying at home. Sudhir Kumar Singh, Managing Director of Jharkhand Milk Federation, who has been working in dairy cooperative for 39 years, says that milk industry can change rural life. This sector is providing employment from cities to rural areas of India. This can be extended further. Through this, more people can be given work. Animal husbandry is no longer limited to merely milking cows and buffaloes. Due to the increasing trend towards organic products, money can also be earned from cow dung manure.

Singh says that animal husbandry and related sectors contribute about 4 percent to India’s GDP. After Gujarat, Karnataka is the most emerging state in this matter. Whereas, the maximum number of livestock is in UP, but due to ‘governmentization’ of the cooperative movement, cooperatives could not succeed here. At present, to strengthen the rural economy in the changed circumstances due to Corona virus, all governments should fix the system of milk cooperatives. Most people in cities were earning only Rs 10-15 thousand. They can earn this much money by living at home with two-three animals.

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How does milk reach from village to city?

Minister of State for Animal Husbandry and Dairy, Sanjeev Balyan, citing the 19th Livestock Census, had told the Lok Sabha on December 3, 2019 that 104.52 million rural families are engaged in dairy business. Most of whom are landless or marginal farmers.

Income from milk is more than from food grains.According to National Account Statistics 2019, the income from milk in 2017-18 is Rs 7,01,530 crore, which is more than the total income from food grains. Obviously, dairy business has immense potential to increase the income of farmers. Because despite a lot of progress in this sector, the per capita availability of milk is still only 394 grams. Therefore, most of the milk is used for domestic consumption only. 50 crore liters of milk is produced every day in India. Of this, about 20 crore liters is used by the farmer himself. Whereas 30 crore liters comes in the market.

great employment potential, Need for infrastructure-Sandeep Das, advisor at the Verghese Kurien Center of Excellence at the Institute of Rural Management, Gujarat, says that the dairy sector is working without any worries even in the discouraging environment of the Corona virus period. In a country with such a large population, dairy industry can become an even bigger medium for providing and providing employment. The government is also helping for this. There is a lot of potential for this in many states but there is no infrastructure. Bulk Milk Cooler (BMC) in which milk is cooled will have to be increased. This is much less in big states like UP.

for dairy Where will you get help from?Apart from the Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS) of the Central Government, state governments are also running its development programs at their respective levels. In which subsidy ranges from 25 to 90 percent. According to Sudhir Kumar Singh, MD of Jharkhand Milk Federation, 57 per cent subsidy is given in Bihar and 90 per cent subsidy is given in Jharkhand. Anyone who needs government help for animal husbandry can contact his District Animal Husbandry Officer or Development Officer.

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Marginal farmers and landless people are most associated with milk production in India (symbolic photo)

The central government provides assistance for animal husbandry through NABARD. Under the Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme, a subsidy of Rs 17,750 is available on one animal. Whereas for Scheduled Castes and Tribes this amount becomes Rs 23,300 per animal. Money is also available for the machine for making milk products.

To promote animal husbandry and dairy sector, the Central Government is also running Rashtriya Gokul Mission, National Dairy Development Programme. With its help, milk related business can be increased.

The world’s largest milk producing country-India is producing 187.7 million tonnes of milk in the year 2018-19. We are number one in milk production with about 20 percent share. A lot of hard work is hidden behind this. In the year 1950-51, our country produced only 17 million tonnes of milk annually. But the efforts of one person changed the whole picture. He was Dr. Verghese Kurien.

He is known as the father of White Revolution in India. Kurien played an important role in making India, which was suffering from milk shortage, the largest milk producing country in the world. Under the leadership of Kurien, a native of Kerala, the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) launched ‘Operation Flood’ in 1970, which made India the largest milk producing country in the world.

what is the condition of animals,

-According to the 20th livestock census, the total livestock population in the country at present is 535.78 million, which is 4.6 percent more as compared to 2012.

-Female cattle (total number of cows) is estimated at 145.12 million which is 18.0 percent more than the previous census (2012).

-The total number of buffaloes in the country is 109.85 million, which is about 1.0 percent more than the previous census.

-The contribution of cross bred cattle in the total milk production of India is 28 percent. Cross bred cattle are increasing due to giving more milk.

-Despite efforts to promote the conservation of native breeds through the Rashtriya Gokul Mission, a 6 percent decline has been observed in the population of native cattle. This has happened most in UP, MP, Rajasthan and Maharashtra.

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Female cattle (total number of cows) in India is estimated at 145.12 million.

Same rate of cow milk and bottled water

We have made a lot of progress in milk production but except in a few states, farmers are yearning for the right price for it. In UP, cow’s milk and bottled water cost almost the same. Kisan Shakti Sangh President Pushpendra Choudhary says that the cattle rearer will produce milk but it is the job of the government to get the right price for it. People are afraid of animal husbandry because of not getting the right price. Therefore, the system of Minimum Support Price (MSP) should be implemented for milk also. There has also been a movement for this.

How is the price of milk decided?

The problem of not getting the right price of milk is common. Actually, its price is decided on the basis of fat and SNF (solids-not-fat) present in milk. The price of milk fixed by the cooperative is 6.5 percent fat and 9.5 percent SNF. After this, as the amount of fat decreases, the price also decreases.

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Tags: business news in hindi, Corona, corona epidemic, Coronavirus, Coronavirus pandemic, Lockdown, Lockdown-3, lockdownextension

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