Cyclone Biparjoy: The Latest Disaster

According to ICSSR and RSMC, there are six regional specialised meteorological centres and
Five regional tropical cyclone warning centres for issuing names and advisories for cyclones.
IMD is one of the six meteorological centres to provide advisory to the 13 countries (Yaman,
Pakistan, Qatar, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Saudi Arabia,
United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Iran, which are the member of the economy and social
Commission for Asia Pacific panel.

The origin of Biparjoy

Bangladesh gave the name Biparjoy for the cyclone, which translates to a disaster
or climate in Bengali. Biparjoy also includes storms that form over the Bay of Bengal, the
Arabian Sea and the North Indian Ocean. As per IMD’s report, the World Meteorological
The organisation (WMO) adopted the name in 2020.

Impact of Biparjoy

Cyclones are a widespread phenomenon, and June is considered the most favourable
month in which cyclones are formed in the Arabian Sea. The IMD has said that Biparjoy can
intensify into a severe cyclonic storm while making its way towards Indian coasts. Biparjoy’s
current location is said to be Latitude 21.36° N and Longitude 64.45° E with a wind speed of
120 – 150 kph. The department has also highlighted some areas that are at risk. From 8th to
10th June on Konkan -Goa -Maharashtra coast, and on 15th June, Northwest Gujarat will likely
be affected.

Advisory from the government:

A video conference was held by Shri Bhupendera Patel, the chief minister of Gujarat, with the
state emergency operation centre about the effects and steps to be taken over the coastal
District of Gujarat.

He provided disaster management guidelines and wanted things to be done so that they caused minimum inconvenience to the people. She has requested the
police to help low-lying district villagers shift to a safer place if needed. He has also
promised the supply of essential items like medicine, water, food, electricity and complete facilities for pregnant women and those affected by the cyclone.

Repair for falling trees and  power poles is also to be done. Twelve teams have already been deployed in Gujarat by NDRF.
Ninety-five trains are to be cancelled till 15th June due to the effect of Biparjoy.
It is advised for the fisherman not to venture into the sea for a few days, and those at sea are
called back. So far, almost 21000 boats have been parked. Army men, Navy men, coast
guards and aircraft are on standby.

Stastics regarding the cyclone

Statistics have shown that India each year faces 2 to 3 tropical cyclones. In May 2023, a
severe cyclonic deadly storm named Mocha originated from a low-pressure area in the Bay
of Bengal, which affected Myanmar, India, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Sri Lanka and
parts of Bangladesh. The cyclone quickly accelerated within an initial 65 km/h speed, reaching 80 km/h (175mph).


Mocha has been the world’s most robust cyclone in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal since 1982. This cyclone sustained in the North Indian Ocean for about 3 minutes, taking 129 lives and 719 injuries. This caused materialistic damage of 1.07 million USD.

What is a cyclone?

This natural phenomenon is when the warm moist vapours/air rises upwards over the ocean’s surface and starts rotating in words in the Northern hemisphere around a low-pressure area at high speed. As the cycle continues, it creates a wind system that grows and spins at a high rate leading to the formation of the eye of the cyclone at the centre. The centre represents the low-pressure zone, and the surrounding winds indicate the high-pressure zone.

Pre-existing low-level disturbances in the ocean, increased humidity in the layers of the the atmosphere and increased temperature over the surface of the sea are some of the reasons causing the formation of cyclones.

what are cyclone’s effects?

Cyclones can affect human life most disastrously; the hurricane’s strong winds can damage the environment, uprooting trees and damaging the infrastructures and communication services. Cyclones can also lead to unpredictable floods, landslides and loss of lives.

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